San Diego– A Brief History Of Its Individuals
For the longest time, San Diego was the home of the Kumeyaay people of the southwestern United States and northwest Mexico, making them the native occupants of this southern Californian area. As such, they established their own culture and dominance of the land long before the arrival of the very first European settler, a Portuguese explorer by the name of Juan Rodrigues Cabrillo.
Cabrillo(ca. 1499 – 1543) gotten here in San Diego under the Spanish flag, cruising on his flagship San Salvador. He had actually taken a trip there from the port at Navidad, New Spain, and claimed the San Diego bay in the name of the Spanish Empire. At the time, he named the site ‘San Miguel’, and it remained this way for about half a century.
The next significant arrival on these Californian coasts was in November of 1602, when Sebastian Vizcaino (1548– 1624) was sent by the crown to prepare a map of the California coast. His flagship was called the ‘San Diego’, from which the city would ultimately get its name. Vizcaino made a study of the harbor location, subsequently renaming the area to San Diego after the Spanish Catholic Saint Didacus, who was more frequently referred to as ‘San Diego’– which was who Vizcaino’s ship was also called after.
November 12, 1602, was the day of the first taped Christian religious service in this part of California, and was actually conducted in honor of the feast day of Saint Didacus/San Diego. From here, the location began to attract settlers and grew as a town, till a day in 1769 when the ‘Presidio of San Diego’ was established by Gaspar de Portola– essentially turning the area into a military post. Nevertheless, the Franciscan friars also established the ‘Mission San Diego de Alcala’ at the exact same time, which was most likely the reason for the area’s continued growth, in spite of being a military outpost– in fact, by 1797, the Franciscan mission was home to the largest native population in all of Alta California.
The 1800s would see a good deal of change around San Diego, however this early establishment of the area certainly contributed to its longevity as a town and living space, while it would likewise go through plenty of military controversies before finally becoming the 8th biggest city in the United States as it is today.