The great observatories of the world are accountable for much of the prolific astronomical observations of the twentieth century. Telescopic photograpy, radio meal information collection, and infrared imaging are among the lots of different strategies observatories have been able to utilize to learn about the paradises.
The Palomar Observatory may be the most popular of all. With five telescopes operated by Cal-Tech’s graduate and post-doctoral trainees, the 200-inch Hale telescope is the most famous of all Palomar’s telescopes. Built in 1949, it was planned to get rid of the onset of the southern California smog problem. Other noteworthy telescopes run at Cal-Tech consist of a telescope to look for supernovae, a comet hunter, a trio of sky cams looking for planetary and other celestial phenomena, an interferometer capable of detecting the smallest wobble in the orbits of a planet, and a sixty inch telescope accountable for finding the first brown dwarf circling around a companion star.
Cal Tech is also directly associated with the operation of the Keck and Lick Observatories. The Keck Observatory, located on top of Hawaii’s inactive Mauna Kea volcano contains the world’s largest optical and infrared telescopes. Its twin Keck telescopes stand eight stories high and weigh 300 loads each. Lick Observatory is found on 4200 foot Mount Hamilton east of San Jose, California. It contains 9 research study telescopes with the largest being the Shane 3-meter Reflector. This telescope is utilized to observe everything from our local solar system to distant galaxies.
The Griffith Observatory in Los Angeles is understood for its12-inch Zeiss Refracting telescope. This telescope’s popularity is mostly due to the fact that it has actually been used to permit public watching of deep space since 1935. More than five million people have checked out its lenses given that under the guidance of skilled Telescope Demonstrators. The Griffith Observatory was likewise understood for its laserium light reveals in previous years although they have been ceased at present.
The Hayden Planetarium in Boston is more than just a planetarium. It is likewise a museum. Along with its Gilliland Observatory, laser-light shows and a rotating star simulator are among a few of the various multi-media huge experiences offered to the general public.
The Greenwich Observatory in Cambridge, England was established in 1675 by King Charles II in order partly to repair longitude readings. It presently repairs the origin of the worldwide time reference point of Greenwich Mean Time. An observatory in Portland Maine is being brought back as a popular architectural monument. Another observatory of note is the University of Chicago’s Yerkes Observatory with its 5 telescopes.
All of these observatories have added to the huge array of understanding now understood about the universe. Their importance to the history of astronomy, along with their continuing usefulness, can not be overemphasized.
1) Palomar observed: For more than 50 years, science above and beyond; Scott LaFee; San Diego Union Tribune; November 2, 2005
2) CalTech Astronomy Website;
3) UC Observatories Site
4) Yerkes Observatory Website;
5) Griffith Observatory Site;
6) Observatory view worth protecting; by John Alphonse.
7) Hayden Planetarium Website.
8) The Astronomical Society of Edinburgh: A Guide to Edinburgh’s Popular Observatory